Get to Know Your Fallopian TubesThe fallopian tubes connect to the uterus at the utero-tubal junction where the fallopian tubes open into the uterine cavity. These very thin tubules are lined with cilia, which are fine hair-like cells. From there they extend out and slightly around toward the ovaries on both sides of female body. The fallopian tubes are described in sections for medical reference. The infundibulum is the end near the ovary that is associated with the fimbriae. The fimbriae is a fringe of tissue at the distal end (opening side toward the ovary) of the fallopian tubes. Thefimbriae are covered in cilia, which look like tiny hairs. Just prior to ovulation sex hormones signal the fimbriae to fill with blood and move to touch the ovary in a gentle sweeping motion. When an oocyte (ova) is released at ovulation, the fimbria and cilia sweep the oocyte into the fallopian tube to be moved toward the uterus to wait for fertilization. The ampullary is the section of lateral tube (central section moving toward the uterus). The ampullary is the main part of the fallopian tube. From there, moving inward toward the uterus the tube narrows into what is known as the isthmus. The isthmus is the part connected to the uterus at the utero-tubal junction. Cells of the Fallopian Tubes are Affected by Hormones There are two types of cells within the fallopian tubes. Ciliated cells are most abundant in the infundibulum and ampullary. Estrogen increases the production of cilia cells in the fallopian tubes. Scattered between the ciliated cells are peg cells which produce tubular fluid. This fluid contains important nutrients for both sperm, oocytes (ova), and zygotes (fertilized ova). The secretions also promote capacitation of the sperm. You may not know it, but the sperm cannot mature for complete fertilization without this important fluid. Progesterone increases the number of peg cells. Estrogen increases the height and secretory activity of the peg cells. In addition, tubal fluid flows against the action of the cilia, near the fimbriated end. Not only is progesterone and estrogen balance vital to the menstrual cycle overall, but it is vital to the health and proper function of the fallopian tubes as well.
Causes of Blocked Fallopian Tubes
Location and Types of BlockagesProximal tubal occlusion involves the isthmus. This can occur after infection such as complications from abortion, missed miscarriage, cesarean section or PID. Permanent birth control procedures like Essure block the isthmus.There are different types of fallopian tube blockages. Because the fallopian tubes have different parts and are a tube, there may be different parts of the tube blocked. Each section has its own name. Doctors have also come to find out that there are patterns of disease or trauma that may affect certain parts of the fallopian tubes more than others. Midsegment tubal obstruction of the ampullary is most often due to tubal ligation damage. Tubal ligation is a surgical procedure to permanently prevent pregnancy. Some women who have had tubal ligation change their mind later in life and choose to have this procedure reversed. This can be done surgically and has a 75% pregnancy success rate. Tubal ligation removal comes with its own risk for development of more scar tissue on top of scar tissue already present from the initial tubal ligation procedure. Distal tubal occlusion is the type of blockage that affects the part of the fallopian tube end towards the ovary. This type of blockage is typically associated with hydrosalpinx. Hydrosalpinx is often caused by Chlamydia trachomatis infection, which is a sexually transmitted disease. Untreated Chlamydia is known to cause both pelvic and fallopian tube adhesions. In less severe cases only the fimbriae may be damaged. They may become stuck together in masses or may be damaged enough to no longer function as they should. As we learned above, the fimbriae have the important role of sweeping the oocyte (ova) into the fallopian tube for fertilization. If they no longer function then the oocyte never makes it to its destination for fertilization.
Common conditions that may cause blocked fallopian tubes are:
- Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID)
- Uterine Fibroids
- Ectopic pregnancy
- Tubal Ligation Removal
- Complications from lower abdominal surgery such as Cesarean section
- Genital Tuberculosis (still common in developing countries, especially India)
Diagnosing Blocked Fallopian TubesThere really are no outward signs that will let you know if you are suffering from blocked fallopian tubes. If you have ever suffered from pelvic inflammatory disease, there is however a very good chance that your tubes are blocked, as doctors estimate that at least three out of four women that have had a sexually transmitted disease do suffer from tubal blockage. The primary indicator that there is a blockage is an inability to conceive. Fortunately, there are medical tests that detect any abnormalities or blockages. If there is evidence of some type of blockage to the tubes, further investigation is generally performed using a laparoscope which will help the doctor actually see into the fallopian tubes. Here are details on how blocked fallopian tubes are diagnosed… Hysterosalpingogram (HSG) Hysterosalpingogram is an X-ray test, using a contrast dye to view any obstruction in the fallopian tubes. The dye is inserted through a thin tube that is placed up through the vagina, into the uterus. Filling the uterus with this dye will then spill into the fallopian tubes. X-rays are then taken to determine if there is an injury or abnormal shape of the uterus and fallopian tubes, including obstruction in the tubes. This test is the number one test performed to determine if there is a blockage in the fallopian tubes. Chromotubation This test is similar to hysterosalpingogram because chromotubation includes dye being passed into the uterus and fallopian tubes as well. This test is performed during laparoscopy, so that doctors can see the dye spilling from the fallopian tube. The dye used for this procedure cannot be seen on an X-ray, it is blue in color. This test is considered the most reliable way to determine fallopian tube blockage, but does require surgery. Sonohysterography This is a non-invasive procedure where ultrasound imaging is used to determine if there are any abnormalities of the reproductive organs. This type of test is not always a reliable way to determine fallopian tube blockage since the tubes are so small. This test may help to determine hydrosalpinx or other issues such as uterine fibroids.
Medical Procedures to Open Blocked Fallopian TubesThousands of women are diagnosed with blocked fallopian tubes each year and the number one question on their minds…how can I reopen them? There are many options for healing the fallopian tubes and in many cases they can become open once again. It is important to recognize that the fallopian tubes are about the size of a spaghetti noodle in width. Once they are damaged it may be difficult to reverse that damage. They are very delicate. Any sort of trauma can alter their function and damage the tubal tissues. Below are a variety of medical options for reopening the fallopian tubes. Surgical Options Tubal surgical procedures can either be done by open abdominal surgery or laparoscopy (small incision). Salpingectomy This procedure is the removal of part of the fallopian tube. This is commonly performed for hydrosalpinx prior to IVF. According to Fertility and Sterility, untreated hydrosalpinx makes IVF half as likely to be successful. Salpingostomy This procedure is performed when the end of the fallopian tube is blocked by hydrosalpinx. The surgeon creates a new opening in the fallopian tube entrance nearest the ovary. The success of this procedure is often temporary and often scar tissue reforms causing another blockage within 3-6 months of the procedure. Fimbrioplasty This option may be performed on women with damage to the fimbriae. If the fimbriae and its cilia are stuck together by scar tissue, which is preventing the ova from being picked up, a fimbrioplasty may be recommended. This procedure rebuilds the fimbriae. Very few doctors are experts in this type of procedure and medical insurance often does not cover the cost of this procedure. Fimbrioplasty is now recommended in select cases over salpingostomy, which has been shown to be less successful. The above procedures have about a 20-30% pregnancy success rate. Selective tubal cannulation This procedure is performed for proximal tubal occlusion (where the tube meets the uterus). Guided by hysteroscopy or fluoroscopy, doctors insert a catheter through the cervix, uterus and into the fallopian tube. This is a non-surgical procedure that has a 60% pregnancy success rate. Tubal ligation removal, known as tubal reanastomosis Reversal of a tubal ligation is a surgical procedure that is done with the assistance of a microscope and is generally performed in a hospital setting or outpatient surgical facility. The surgeon removes the portion of the fallopian tube that was tied or cauterized in the original surgery and reattaches the two ends to make a complete tube. This procedure has a 75% pregnancy success rate. During surgery doctors may clip away adhesions from the fallopian tubes, ovaries and uterus so the reproductive organs can move freely once again. Risks for Fallopian Tube Surgery and Procedures
- Regrowth of scar tissue and adhesion. Any kind of surgery runs the risk of these types of formations. The tubes may become blocked again or adhered to the abdominal wall, other parts of the reproductive organs, or other organs in the surrounding location, for example the bladder. Scar tissue may also form on other parts of the abdominal cavity, including the reproductive organs due to the surgical procedure.
- Opening the abdomen runs the risk of pelvic infection.
- Ectopic pregnancy.
Natural Therapies for Fallopian Tube Health
1. Fertility CleansingFertility cleansing helps to cleanse the entire reproductive system and increase circulation to the reproductive organs. Starting your natural fallopian tube therapy should begin with fertility cleansing. The herbs in this cleanse are absorbed into the body and go to work where they are needed. Fertility Cleansing creates a “clean slate” within the body that helps the body to respond and utilize other natural remedies better.
2. Systemic Enzyme TherapySystemic Enzyme Therapy is a method for helping the body clear itself of excess tissue, breakdown scar tissues, cleanse the blood, increase circulation to the reproductive organs and reduce immunological response. Enzyme therapy consists of using systemic enzymes (enzymes naturally found in the body) to help the body reduce inflammation, occasional pain, reduce scar tissue build up and more. Traditionally systemic enzymes have been used by athletes to help them recover, elderly wanting to reduce the effects from arthritis, people suffering from autoimmune issues and the list goes on. Systemic Enzyme Therapy may help to reduce the scar tissue that are blocking your fallopian tubes. Specific systemic enzymes help to eat away and reduce fibrin (the material that makes up scar tissue) over time. This type of therapy is extremely promising for helping the body to reduce excessive scar tissue formation and inflammation.
3. Abdominal or Fertility MassageMassage is another natural therapy that could help support fallopian tube health. Massage helps to increase circulation and break up adhesions. Massage provides a great non-intrusive option for women with blocked fallopian tubes. There are four options for massage when it comes to supporting fallopian tube health. You can find a massage therapist who specializes in abdominal massage (or better yet visit Clear Passages for specialized fallopian tube treatment), book a consultation with a Mercier Therapy or Mayan Abdominal Practitioner, or you can learn how to apply Self Fertility Massage™ at home. Benefits of Massage for Fallopian Tube Health:
- Helps the body to clear blocked fallopian tubes*
- Massage helps to break up scar tissue*
- Increased circulation aids in tissue elimination*
- Helps to reduce inflammation*
- Helps the body to loosen tight or twisted tissues*
- Two completely blocked fallopian tubes
- One blocked fallopian tube, one tube previously removed
- Hydrosalpinx (fluid filled tube)
- Distal end blockage (distal tubal occlusion, end near ovary)
4. Castor Oil TherapyCastor oil therapy has been used for centuries for helping with healing issues in the body and more specifically the reproductive system. By applying these packs externally, positive benefits have been found. A Castor Oil Pack is a cloth soaked in castor oil which is placed on the skin to enhance circulation and promote healing of the tissues and organs underneath the skin. Castor oil therapy assists fallopian tubes by helping to soften the tissues and increase circulation to the area. Castor Oil packs promote healing to the reproductive system by stimulating circulation and triggering the lymphatic system. The lymphatic system is responsible for removing metabolic waste, old diseased cells and tissues. This is very important, especially if blocked fallopian tubes may have been caused by ectopic pregnancy, sexually transmitted disease (STD), infection from past surgery, endometriosis, uterine fibroids, ovarian cysts or PID. Castor oil is one of the only ways to stimulate the lymphatic system. Within the lymphatic system is a fluid called lymph and this system relies on us to get it to move. The heart runs our circulatory system, but the lymphatic system doesn’t have a pump like the circulatory system has in the heart. Exercise, dry brushing, some herbs and Castor Oil are some of the only ways to get the lymph to move. Castor Oil Packs heal underlying tissues very well, when used consistently over time. This therapy works great in conjunction with any type of fertility or abdominal massage therapy including Self Fertility Massage.
5. Herbal TherapiesThere are many herbs that have been traditionally used to help support fallopian tube health. Herbal medicine categorizes herbs by different types of actions. When working to improve fallopian tube health, there are 4 key actions we like to focus on, they are as follows… Antibiotic: The antibiotic acting herbs help to clear out any infection that may exist in the reproductive system or fallopian tubes. Supporting immune function with antibiotic herbs may be important if there is a history of PID, STDs, abdominal surgery, or endometriosis. Anti-inflammatory: Anti-inflammatory herbs help to reduce inflammation, which in turn reduces pain and works to reduce further scar tissue production. If inflammation persists in or around the fallopian tubes, scar tissue may form. Circulatory: There are herbs that help to increase blood flow through the reproductive organs. Healthy circulation to the reproductive organs is vital to healing the fallopian tubes. This is because fresh healthy blood will bring in vital nutrients, enzymes and oxygen for healing cells. Once the cells have used up what they need and have renewed or have replaced old damaged or unhealthy cells, the metabolic waste (damaged tissues) is removed from the body. Hormone Balancing: Remember that hormonal balance is essential for proper fallopian tube function. When working to support fallopian tube health, we always want to include some herbs that support hormonal balance. Herbs for Fallopian Tube Health: Goldenseal
- This herb is extremely antibiotic, antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory. It works to heal any infection in the reproductive system, while also reducing pain and inflammation from foreign tissue growth. Reduction in inflammation may help to prevent scar tissue and adhesion. Goldenseal may help to protect the fallopian tubes from damage due to an infection. Also supports health of mucous membranes.
Blocked Tubes Q&AQ: How will I know if my tubes are healed and unblocked or not? A: Whether you have done natural treatments from home, Clear Passage Therapy or had a surgical procedure, the only way to find out if your tubes are open is to have a hysterosalpingogram or chromotubation test performed. Hopefully you will already be pregnant with a healthy pregnancy by then and will not have to have further testing! Q: Can natural therapies for blocked fallopian tubes heal twisted fallopian tubes, or tubes that are adhered (stuck) to other organs or tissues in the body? What about blocked fallopian tubes that have been blocked for many years? A: Fallopian tubes that are severely damaged need special care. In those cases we would suggest you work with a specialist. A specialist will be able to evaluate your unique situation and determine the best possible course of care. Clear Passages is a great option for those who do not want surgery. In some cases, those where the fallopian tubes are severely twisted or stuck to other parts of the body, at-home therapies may not be completely effective and should not be relied on as the sole solution. The longer the fallopian tissues have been damaged, the longer it may take to work to get them to function naturally again. It really depends on the extent of damage, including length of time. Your doctor should be able to help you determine this. Q: Is it possible to naturally regrow the fimbriae and cilia once it is damaged by scar tissue? A: There are no known at home natural therapies that are proven to regrow either the fimbriae or cilia, but it will not hurt to look into options that reduce scar tissue formation, promote circulation and protect cellular health (antioxidants). Fimbrioplasty is a surgical option to help reconstruct damaged fimbriae. Contacting Clear Passages is another option. Q: Why don’t you suggest using herbal tampons for blocked fallopian tubes? A: We find that the risk of infection and misuse of herbal tampons is greater than the benefits. Purchasing herbal tampons requires a woman to rely on her own self-care and understanding of use, if the tampons are contaminated or misused in any way, pathogens may be directly inserted into the vaginal canal, increasing the risk for infection. We also find that many of the herbs used in herbal tampons are just as effective when taken orally. Herbal tampons are also sold at an unbelievable price for what they are, making other natural options more cost effective.
SummaryBlocked fallopian tubes are one of the main causes of infertility today. There are many natural options to help your body support normal fallopian tube function such as massage, enzymes and herbs. If you think you may have blocked fallopian tubes consult with your doctor so you can get an HSG test to determine if you have fallopian tube blockages. Once you have the diagnosis and location/severity of the blockages it will be easier to determine which route to take, whether it be a natural therapy or IVF
Sourced from natural-fertility-info.com